Stress & Anxiety

Depression: What It Is And Its Symptoms?

Depression is a disease that affects more than 350 million people worldwide and is still only associated with a gloomy mood. Incarceration has also become more prevalent in younger people.

In our society, it is very common to use the term “being depressed” when we are sad or discouraged. Still, depression is a much more complex mental illness involving both the mind and the body and is still one of the leading causes of disability and suicide worldwide.

To find out how to discover if we are depressed and what to do about it, we have explained it in this article. Keep Reading!

Depression today

Depression is still one of the most common mental disorders in consultation, as more than 350 million people worldwide suffer from it, although it is not correctly diagnosed in many cases.

Suffering from depression does not mean you are weak, unwilling, or chosen. Still, sometimes this kind of popular thinking makes it difficult to determine whether the symptoms we feel are merely sporadic or part of something deeper that can seriously affect physical and mental health as a depressive episode does.

Being depressed is being sad?

Sadness is still one of the main symptoms of this type of mood disorder. Still, sometimes there is a flat emotion, a kind of emotional numbing that makes us hide deep inside ourselves what we are feeling, so it is not always a hopeless or sad feeling that makes us suspect that we are dealing with a case of depression.

Moreover, it should be emphasized that being discouraged is part of the natural adaptive emotions of human beings that we will all feel throughout our lives, and there may even be periods of unhappiness.

The essential difference between a period of sadness and depression is how trapped we feel during these stages and whether we are overcome by guilt, fatigue, anger, or overthinking since being depressed is sometimes accompanied by excessive preoccupation with the past.

Main signs of depression

Depression is a complex disorder because it includes many symptoms that, depending on the individual, can vary in intensity and frequency during a depressive episode.

Below are some of the most common symptoms of depression:

  • Low mood: feeling sad most of the time, although sometimes not the main symptom, but one of the most common.
  • Fatigue and lack of energy: there is a persistent feeling of fatigue, even if you have not performed any task that required great physical or mental effort (as now, for example, telecommuting).
  • Lack of interest: things, situations, people, or hobbies that used to satisfy you no longer interest or motivate you.
  • You feel irritable: sometimes depression manifests in fits of anger and constant discomfort and annoyance.
  • Sleep disorders: such as insomnia or oversleeping.

Other physical symptoms of depression

Depression, like any psychological disorder, affects several levels: thought (extreme worry, pessimism), emotion (sadness, hopelessness) behavior (giving up tasks that used to be satisfying), as we have seen in the previous chapter, but this process transcends the biological aspect and causes a series of signs at the physical level.

If you suffer from depression, you may also experience these symptoms:

  • Loss or increase in appetite: the resulting rise and fall in weight perpetuate negative emotions related to self-esteem.
  • Headache.
  • Loss of sexual interest.
  • Muscle pain.
  • Gastrointestinal problems.
  • Heart or respiratory problems.
  • Chronic pain, if you have pain, it increases with an episode of depression.

5 Benefits of meditation

It’s important it is to devote a few minutes a day to this practice to achieve a balance between body, mind, and spirit. To perform this discipline, it is important to work on breathing, as it helps rest the muscles and clear the mind. Other benefits include:

1. It helps reduce stress levels: During meditation, the chaotic thinking that causes stress is dissolved. This process can lead to greater physical and emotional well-being.

2. It relieves anxiety: Meditation trains the mind to help you better observe your surroundings and helps you achieve a sense of calm and peace.

3. Improves concentration: This practice trains the mind to achieve greater clarity, emotional positivity, and inner calm. Through mindfulness, mental balance is achieved.

4. Controls pain: Meditation can also help calm the mind and painful experiences as a therapeutic strategy.

5. Improves sleep: Meditation helps train your mind and free you from the turmoil of everyday life by reducing the secretion of the stress hormones adrenaline and cortisol.

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